-THE IMPORTANCE OF CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS,AND SODIUM TO THE BODY-

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THE IMPORTANCE OF CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS TO THE BODY.

-Phosphorus is an essential mineral primarily used for growth and repair of body cells and tissues. Phosphorus is involved in the release of energy from fat, protein, and carbohydrates during metabolism, and in the formation of DNA and many enzymes.

-Normally the body produces acid and alkalis and this balance is critical. Phosphorus plays a major role in keeping this balance. Therefore, they together with calcium and phosphorus, provides structure and strength. Calcium and phosphorus are used for building bones and teeth, giving rigidity to the structures. Bone is continually being rebuilt with new bone being formed. Calcium circulates in the blood and appears in other body tissues where it helps blood to clot, muscles to contract (including the heart muscle) and nerves to transmit impulses. Calcium salts provide rigidity to the skeleton.

-Adults use average about 30% absorbtion of calcium, but during growth and pregnancy the additional calcium is needed but, about 60% Calcium is absorbed. Postmenopausal women, who are at high risk of developing osteoporosis, tend to absorb the least calcium.

-Without milk or milk products in a diet, it is difficult to get enough calcium. Other sources of calcium include salmon, sardines and several greens such as broccoli, turnip greens, spinach, beet greens, parsley.

– THE IMPORTANCE OF SODIUM TO THE BODY.-

-Sodium is a mineral that your body must have in order to function properly. Sodium works in concert with potassium to maintain normal water balance in the body. Sodium is needed for muscles to contract and nerve impulses to be transmitted.

-Closely related to sodium’s role in the maintenance of normal fluid levels is the part it plays in controlling your body’s blood volume and thus blood and thus blood pressure.

-Sodium also helps transport other minerals and substances into, and out of cells. Also the flow of sodium and potassium inside and outside cells creates and electrical gradient. This electrical activity is important for performing work and communication, especially for nerve and muscle tissue. For example, nerves use the flow of electrolytes to send signals, the beating of the heart is coordinated by the flow of electrolytes and muscles use it to signal for contraction. Table salt (sodium chloride) is the major source of sodium in diet. One teaspoon of salt contains 2 grams of sodium. In addition, baking powder and baking soda include sodium.

-ARE MINERALS TOXIC AT HIGH DOSES?-

-Like vitamins, minerals can also be toxic at high doses. An increase in sodium concentration in the bloodstream can be toxic. Increases plasma sodium, which is called hypernatremia, causes the cells in various body tissues. Potassium is potentially quite toxic, however, potassium poisoning is usually prevented because of the vomiting reflex.

-The consumption of food result in mild increases in the concentration of potassium in the bloodstream, but these levels of potassium do not become toxic because of the uptake of potassium by various cells of the body as well as by the action of the kidneys transferring the potassium ions from the blood to the urine. Calcium and phosphate ; Calcium toxicity is rare, but overconsumption of calcium supplements may lead to deposit of calcium phosphate in the soft tissues of the body. Phosphate toxicity can result from the overuse of laxatives or enemas that contain phosphate. Iron toxicity is not unusual in small children , meaning that a child who accidentally eats more iron tablets may die as a result of iron poisoning.

-Unfortunately children eat large amounts of these iron pills because they look like candy. Zink toxicity is rare but it is more likely to occur in adults than children. Copper toxicity in humans is usually the result of disease. Manganese toxicity is most likely adults, it occurs most commonly in miner workers. The symptoms include a mental disorder, hallucinations, and difficulty in walking.

 

 

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-WHAT IS GENERAL ADAPTION SYNDROME-

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Hello Everyone!

Today I want to share my lecture summary with you and  we should learn tips how can cope with stress, our body how can adapt to stress. My lecture topic is general adoption syndrome.

 

– WHAT IS GENERAL ADAPTION SYNDROME AND THE FIVE STAGES OF THE GENERAL ADAPTION SYNDROME-

-General adaptation syndrome is a term used by Professor Hans Selye for describing the body’s short-term and long term reactions to stress and the general adaption syndrome involved two major systems of the body, the nervous system and the endocrine ( or hormonal). Also, learning what foods, exercise and hobbies are good for us. Things we like and make us feel enjoyable we tent to repeat, things that are not pleasant we tent to avoid. Professor Hans Selye first described in 1956 a process of various stages he called the General Adaption Syndrome, which can be applied to cigarette, a stress or a physical activity.

-The term can be analyzed such that: Stage 1: Initial Response: Your first response to any event or substance is the best indicator of whether or not it suits you, for example; do you remember your first cigarette, your first alcoholic drink or your first cup of coffee? Besides you are unlikely to remember your first taste of sugar, meat or milk or foods introduced when you were very young.

-Stage 2: Adaptation: Very quickly our body learn to adopt and this stage the body remains alert ( at a lower level) but continues the normal functions. During the resistance stage, the result of the hormonal changes which occurred in the previous stage are still apparent, including increase glucose levels in the blood and higher blood pressure, but stress hormone levels begin to return to normal, enabling the body’s focus to shift from alertness to repair. For example, Gone is the pounding heart after a cup of coffee, or coughing after a cigarette, the cell in the lungs of a smoker change form to protect themselves from smoke. The body is trying to protect itself, and in so doing is in an unseen state of stress.

-Stage 3: Exhaustion; The body no longer has the energy to cope with continued stress in the long term, Also continue the insult long enough and one day you are sick and your energy is gone , your digestive system is not functioning properly, your blood pressure is raised and for example, a person with stressful job may experience long-term stress that might lead to high blood pressure and eventual heart attack or you develop anything from chest infections to cancer. This is the stage at which most people seek help from a health practitioner.

-Stage 4: Recovery; Treatment usually focused on the management stress and other undesirable substances. This means being as very strict as possible for a period, during which you may have to wean yourself off all sorts of things to which you have become addicted or allergic. This is the nature of addiction and to help the body recover, much larger amounts of vitamins and minerals are needed than would normally be required just to maintain good health and also you can need to incorporating a healthy lifestyle , for example; exercise, balanced diet, rest and sleep, happy relationship, improvement of social skills, positive outlook.

-Stage 5: The fifty of the general adaption syndrome stages is hypersensitivity. Once you have recovered and your body is basically healthy, which can take years, you are effectively back to stage one.

-You may seem to be hypersensitive and react to all sort of things that you never reacted to before, they are usually referred to as an over reaction of the immune system and these reactions may be damaging or uncomfortable.

 

 

The lecture source is Stonebridge- Associated Collages-Diet and Nutrition Advisor.

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-KAŞIBEYAZ RESTAURANT IN ANKARA-TURKEY

-RESTAURANT REVIEW/ KAŞIBEYAZ RESTAURANT IN ANKARA-TURKEY-

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Kaşıbeyaz Restaurant in Ankara-TURKEY

-Hi everybody!
If you are in Ankara-Turkey or visiting to Ankara and you are looking for a good traditional restaurant, it is worthy to visit. Kaşibeyaz Restaurant is well- known restaurant in Istanbul-Turkey and The restaurant was opened a new branch of Ankara about 2 years ago.

There was two reason I went to this restaurant. First reason is that, I wanted to try traditional food and to experience a local culture, they were pretty good.Second reason, It has an excellent location, because the restaurant located in the middle of the Ataturk Forest Botany and we have visited it recently, The restaurant has been decorated with a nice classic style also it has South Eastern Anatolia kitchen. We had a pleasant surprise in there they offered a full selection grilled meat and kofte, flat bread, salad, grilled peppers, tomato, even excellent sliced fruits! Yes, you read that right, and I tried all of the food on my table, in addition, grilled kofte was spicy also the meat was juicy, buttery, well-done and so good. Also, If you want to experience something than typical meze or kofta-meat, you can try ‘Mumbar Dolma’ the Dolma is made from cleaned sheep intestine,(cleaned sheep intestine is stuffed with ground meat, rice, herb, spices, butter and than stuffed intestine cooks in a saucepan).

In addition, the appetiser was simple but very enjoyable. Salad was made fresh herb with grape vinegar sauce, it was mouth-watering . Service was very friendly, if you don’t know speaking Turkish it doesn’t matter, because the menu has been prepared in English and Turkish. Also if you would like to choose a clean restaurant, I have to say that, the restaurant was clean. However, their dinner music choosing was not good, they should choose a relaxing music. They have a huge, good garden and a smoking lounge. Families prefer to go there in general and Some time, Business meetings do in there. But they don’t serve booze at  Kasibeyaz Restaurant in Ankara. They serve some treat,  such as; fruit, tea and coffee.

Finally, the restaurant was no crowded too much and the food was a bit costly at this restaurant. Nevertheless, We were happy to make the reservation and I have took some photo for you. I hope, you will enjoy!

 

 

 

Kaşıbeyaz Restaurant Adress in Ankara-TURKEY: Ataturk Orman Ciftligi, Emniyet Mahallesi, No:72, Yenimahalle, Ankara.

 

– NUTRITION AND FOOD COMBINATION-

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Hello everyone, Today I would like to share my Nutrition lecture notes with you again and Today’s topic is nutrition and food combination. The latest research shows that some food combinations are more nutritious when eaten together. If you wonder about the food combination like me, it is here. I hope, you enjoy!

-WHAT IS NUTRITION AND HOW SHOULD WE MAKE FOOD COMBINATION-

Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs , in other words, nutrition the sum total of body processes which interact to supply our nutritive needs.

  • -List Seven Incompatible Combinations and Examples of Each From Everyday Conventional Meals. Also, How These Meals Could Be Adjusted or Suggest Alternatives.-

-Studies indicate that correctly combining foods is critical, not only for providing your body with essential nutrients, but for eliminating heartburn, bloating, uncomfortable gas and acid reflux. Food is processed in the mouth, stomach and small intestine “using two types of digestion” mechanical (chewing) and chemical. The two types of chemical digestion are markedly different. Acid digestion is required for proteins and alkaline digestion is needed for carbohydrates. It is not client who are on weight reduced and control diets that can from food combining principles. The digestive system works fundamentally the same for all of us. The human digestive system is capable of readjusting itself to the digestion of individual natural foods, with appropriate timing of various enzymes and digestive juices. If however, two or more foods are randomly combined, the digestive limitations are exceeded and digestion is impaired.

-For examples, Some incompatible combinations: Don’t eat protein and starch food in the same meal and don’t eat fruit with other food, don’t eat melons with other food or fruits.

However,These meals do together to form good combination- protein and leaf greens, starch and vegetables, oil and fats with leaf greens and oil/fats with sub-acid fruit. A basic guideline is that proteins, fats and starches do not combine well with each other, but individually, they all combine well with vegetables.

For instance, a meal of fish and vegetables makes a good combination. Do not included combine with potatoes, pumpkin or corn as these are starches and cannot be as vegetables. Acid fruit can be eaten with nuts, seeds or cheese. Some combination are less compatible with the human digestive system and if these combinations are eaten, they are often followed by symptoms of indigestions.

-The following incompatible combinations need attentions.-

1- Fat/ Protein Combination: Fat inhibits the flow of gastric juice interfering with protein digestion. Additional fat intake makes digestion difficult. Avoid combining butter, oils, avocado and cream with protein, for example the rich creamy sauces which are served with fish and meat dishes, inhibit digestion. PROTEIN FOODS: Meat, eggs, fish, nuts(most), fermented seed sauce, soybeans(cooked or sprouted) Seed-sunflower, sesame, pumpkin.

2- Sugar/ Protein Combination: Sugars restrain the secretion of gastric juice, interfering with protein digestion. This restricts the stomach’s ability to digest protein, which produces more gastric juices that the sugar then combines with. The sugar, delayed from passing through to the small intestine, ferments.

3- Sugar/ Starch combination: When starch is combined with sugar, the starch is disguised. Saliva amylase, necessary for starch digestion is thus not in the saliva and the digestion of the starch is inhibited. The sugars will once again, ferment in the stomach. Pastries and mixing cereals and bread with sweet fruits are an examples of this combination which should be avoided. STARCY FOODS: Grains (cooked or sprouted), mature beans and peas, peanuts, potatoes, butternut, chickpeas (cooked or sprouted), acorn or hubbard squash. SWEET FRUIT FOOD: Banana, date, dried fruit, raisin.

4-Protein / Starch Combination: If we mixed together, an acid food such as protein, and starch, an alkaline food, don’t digest. This combination is one of the most commonly eaten combinations. Bear in mind that salivary amylase is destroyed in the stomach in the presence of the highly acidic medium. The time required for protein and starch digestion also varies. Therefore, there is going to be a discrepancy with resultant indigestion.

5- Protein/ Protein Combination: Protein is the most difficult food for the body to digest. Different proteins require different digestive times and enzymes, for instance, dried beans require six hours to digest in comparison to normal four hours required for meats. When one protein is combined with another, digestion becomes difficult.

6- Acid / Protein Combination: The enzyme, pepsin, necessary for protein digestion will only be active in the presence of a particular acid, hydrochloric acid. When fruit is eaten with protein, the fruit will be retained in the stomach until completion of the protein digestion, resulting in fermentation of the fruit. ACID FRUIT FOODS: Grapefruit, lemon, lime, orange, strawberry, pineapple, pomegranate, plums, mandarin, Satsuma, tangerine.

7- Acid / Starch Combination: Acid destroy the starch-splitting enzyme , salivary amylase, and this includes the acids contained in fruit and in the various vinegars. When this combination is eaten, the fruits are retained for a longer period in the stomach and results in fermentation. A reference to milk; Milk is a perfect food provided by nature for the feeding of young animals. The enzyme rennin is present only in the gastric of infants. The secretion of rennin diminishes when the child has a set of teeth. Milk as a food item, due to its protein and fat content combines poorly will all foods. When entering the stomach, milk curdles and prevents the digestion of other food due to the insulating effect of the curds. It is best to consume milk on own and inadvisable to use it at all. If fruit is eaten with other food, the fruit is retained in the stomach until the other food is digested and the fruit sugars start to ferment. Melons compromise a class of fruit on their own and decompose faster than other fruit. Melons should be eaten on their own. The avocado is an unusual fruit in that it provides an excellent source of fat. It combines best with non-starchy vegetables and makes a fair combination with acid fruits. The avocado also makes a fair combination with starches because of its low protein content. The avocado should not be combined with proteins.

In addition, The tomato, generally thought to be a vegetable is an acid fruit. If it is consumed immediately on being picked, the most recent research indicates that is alkaline. Due to its low sugar content, it can be combined with non-starchy vegetables, but should not be combined with starches or proteins, well there goes the tomato sandwich and the tomato salad and chop! If fruit and vegetable juices are enjoyed, these juices should be taken on their own or about twenty minutes before a meal. There is certain guidelines to food combining were given and in the following section and we will another look the classification of foods.

-CLASSIFICATION OF FOODS-

-PROTEINS: Nuts and seeds, Bean sprouts, Soya beans, Sunflower sprouts, Eggs, Cheese, Lentils, Peanuts, Dried beans,Dried peas,Meat and meat products.

-STARCHES: Potatoes, Carrots, Fresh lima beans, Artichokes, Pumpkin, Corn and maize, Cereals and grains, Beets, and Parsnips, Chestnut, Squash.

FATS: Avocado,Butter, Margarine, Vegetable, Oils, Lard, Cream

-ACID FRUITS: Oranges, Strawberries, Pomegranates, Grapefruit, Plums, Lemon and Limes, Plums, Pineapples,Kiwi.

-SUB-ACID FRUITS: Mango, Peaches, Apricots, Apples, Berries, Nectarines, Pears, Papaya, Cherries.

-SWEET FRUITS: Bananas, Fresh figs, Persimmon, Grape varieties, Dried fruit, Dates.

-LOW AND NON-STARCHES VEGETABLES: Celery ,Spinach, Green beans, Cauliflower, Eggplant, Kale, Sweet peppers, Lettuce, Eggplant, Cucumber, Alfalfa sprouts, Onion, Fresh sweet corns ,Garlic, Fresh sweet peas, Turnip, Cabbage, Asparagus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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THE DEBATE OVER CAPITAL CITIES, COMPARING TWO CITIES, ANKARA-LONDON.

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